Democracy and Federalism
Friday, 15. October 2010 | 12:05 Uhr
Friday, 15. October 2010 | 12:05 Uhr
At the end of the 9th Dialogue on Science, former Federal Counsellor Arnold Koller spoke about federalism and democracy. He outlined the development of democracy in the past 50 years in Europe and confirmed a real renaissance. Afterwards, he discussed in detail the relation between democracy and federalism and asked the rhetorical question of whether federalism really leads to more and better democracy. He outlined different factors of “demos-enabling features” and “demos-constraining features”. Former Federal Counsellor Koller came to the conclusion that federalism can neither establish nor guarantee democracy. However, federalism is a successful and democratic way to solve conflicts in multicultural states, according to him. But it is not a panacea, as it is thought to be today, especially in conflict areas.
Speech by former Federal Counsellor Arnold Koller
He (*1933) studied Economy at the University of St. Gallen and graduated in 1957. Then he studied Law at the University of Freiburg where he graduated in 1959. In the year 1960, he obtained his license to practice law in the Canton of Appenzell Innerrhoden. In 1966, he received a doctor’s degree in law. During 1971 and 1972, he completed his education with studies at the University of California, Berkeley. In 1972, he became associate professor for European and International Economic and Social Law at the University of St. Gallen where he was appointed regular professor in 1980.
From 1971 until 1986, he was National Councilor. In 1980, he chaired the parliamentary group of the Christian Democratic People’s Party of Switzerland. In 1984/85, he became President of the National Council. At the same time, he also chaired the Cantonal Court of Appenzell Innerhoden from 1973 to 1986.
On the 10th of February 1986, he was elected Federal Councilor. From 1987 until 1989, he directed the Federal Military Department (EMD) and from 1989 until 1999, he was head of the Federal Department of Justice and Police (EJPD). He was president of the Federal Council in the years 1990 and 1997. On the 30th of April 1999, he handed over his position to his successor Ruth Metzler-Arnold.
The Forum of Federations deals with the contribution federalism can make to maintain and establish democratic societies and governments. Former Federal Councilor Arnold Koller is member of the Forum’s board. In 2002, he chaired the steering committee of the second International Federalism Conference in St. Gallen. Three years later, he was elected president of the board. Arnold Koller became Fellow of the Forum which is the highest distinction.
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