Energy – facts and trends



Monday, 9. October 2006 | 13:15 Uhr

Speaker

Ulrik Stridbaek

Organisation

Internationale Energieagentur Paris

Reporting

Ulrik Stridbaek presented the forthcoming challenges in his world energy outlook. The principal questions are: is there enough energy and what will be the effect of renewable energy supplies? These questions are prompted by rising demand, lack of investments and refinery capacity and also political tensions. The transport sector is the largest consumer of oil. The IEA expects world oil consumption to double by the year 2030. It has to be borne in mind that increased demand for oil also pushes up the price of gas. On the supply side, a third of the world’s oil comes from MENA countries (countries of the Middle East and North Africa), and this will increase to almost a half as production in the OECD countries declines up to 2030, by which time OECD countries will obtain two-thirds of their oil imports from MENA countries. These imports by OECD countries will increase from 200 bcm in 2003 to 500 bcm by 2030. The main suppliers are Russia, Iran and Qatar. Ships transport liquefied gas to North America, where it is used increasingly to generate electricity. By 2030 more than half the electricity-producing capacity is to be replaced. The second major challenge lies in CO2 emissions. In 2020, the newly industrialized countries will overtake the west, and by 2030 emissions of CO2 will have increased by 5 percent. The G8 summit of Gleneagles commissioned the IEA to come up with a “World Alternative Scenario”. Parameters to be analysed are biofuels, renewable energy, a decrease in consumption generally and a 10 percent decrease in oil and natural gas, nuclear energy and the replacement of coal with natural gas, increased effectiveness in energy reduction generally and the issue of investments. The developing countries have to invest in the “right” energy sources. The aims of the Kyoto protocol remain unachievable, even if strict energy policies, technological advances, energy sources such as biomass, stabilized CO2 emissions and slower growth in demand contribute something to the achievement of objectives.

Ulrik Stridbaek

Ulrik Stridbaek has worked as a Senior Policy Advisor, Electricity Markets at the IEA since April 2004 focusing on policy issues in market reform, investments and nuclear power. Most recent publication is the IEA book on Lessons from Liberalised Electricity Markets from December 2005.

Previously he worked for 6 years at the Danish Transmission System Operator, Eltra. Main areas of work were the opening of the Danish electricity market, integration of western Denmark into the power exchange Nord Pool, market surveillance, implementation of a market for ancillary services, and development of a market for renewables certificates. He has also experience with development economics and from the trade delegation at the Royal Danish Embassy in Warsaw.

Ulrik Stridbaek holds an MSc in Economics from Universtity of Aarhus, Denmark, and Universidad de Barcelona, Spain.

Donators and Partners

The ETH Board is responsible for the strategic leadership of the ETH domain and assumes the supervision of its institutions. Its close relationship with the ETH Council has contributed to the successful continuation of Academia Engelberg Foundation since 2000.

The Foundation promotes research into the connecting human fundamentals of science. Academia Engelberg Foundation and the Foundation for Basic Research in Human Sciences have entered into a cooperation agreement for the period 2011 to 2015.

Helvetia is a quality-oriented comprehensive insurance company with over 150 years of experience. Academia Engelberg Foundation is convinced it will be able to use important synergies from the partnership starting in 2015.

DIE HIRSCHMANN STIFTUNG ist eine gemeinnützige schweizerische Stiftung. 1985 wurde sie vom Unternehmer und Aviatik-Pionier Carl W. Hirschmann gegründet.

A partnership with the University of Lucerne has existed since summer 2013. Since 2016 we have also a parthership with the Faculty of Economics and Management of the University of Lucerne. Through these partnerships, synergies are used and joint projects are tested and realized. The University of Lucerne currently consists of three faculties: the faculties for Theology, Culture and Social Sciences, and Law.